What is involved in a Vision Therapy program?

What exactly is Vision Therapy?

At Vision Development Center, we receive a lot of questions about Vision Therapy and how it works. This short article will introduce you to some basic Vision Therapy treatment information. It is important to educate yourself, so explore the rest of our site for more information.

Vision therapy is a type of physical therapy for the eyes and brain. It is a highly effective, non-surgical treatment for many common visual problems such as “lazy eye”, crossed eyes, double vision, convergence insufficiency and some reading and learning disabilities. Many patients who have been told, “it’s too late,” or “you’ll have to learn to live with it” have benefited from Vision Therapy.

In the case of learning disabilities, Vision Therapy is specifically directed toward resolving visual problems which interfere with reading, learning and educational instruction. Optometrists do not claim that Vision Therapy is a direct treatment for learning disabilities.

What is involved in a Vision Therapy program?

Vision therapy is —

  • a progressive program of vision “exercises” or procedures
  • performed under doctor supervision
  • individualized to fit the visual needs of each patient
  • generally conducted in-office, during weekly sessions
  • supplemented with procedures done at home between office visits (“home reinforcement” or “homework”)
  • depending on the case, the procedures are prescribed to:
    o  help patients develop or improve fundamental visual skills and abilities                                                                                                                                                                                                  o  improve visual comfort, ease, and efficiency                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   o  change how a patient processes or interprets visual information

Vision Therapy Is Not Just Eye Exercises!

Unlike other forms of exercise, the goal of Vision Therapy is not to strengthen eye muscles. Your eye muscles are already incredibly strong. Vision Therapy is not to be confused with any self-directed self-help program of eye exercises which is or has been marketed to the public.

In-office Vision Therapy is supervised by optometric vision care professionals and many types of specialized and/or medical equipment can be used in optometric vision therapy programs, such as:

  • corrective lenses (regulated medical devices)
  • therapeutic lenses (regulated medical devices)
  • prism lenses (regulated medical devices)
  • optical filters
  • occluders or eye patches
  • electronic targets with timing mechanisms
  • computer software
  • balance boards (vestibular device)
  • visual-motor-sensory integration training devices


The first step in any Vision Therapy program is a comprehensive vision examination. Call us today at 248-539-4804 to schedule your appointment! Your appointment will be with Dr. Poma or Dr. Pelton and their qualified vision care professionals who will advise you on whether Vision Therapy would be appropriate treatment for you or your loved one.

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